Ikhlaq Hussain

Mr Ikhlaq Hussain

University: University of Kashmir

E-mail: ikhlaqiitd@gmail.com


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With the installations of solar panels at the consumer end, the consumer can also sell the excess generated electricity to the grid, and thus can easily participate in the energy market. For the grid-connected- solar PV- battery system, the excess solar PV is fed back to the grid in fixed power or variable power mode. In fixed power mode, a constant amount of power is fed to the grid, even if the load changes, the load power change are managed by charging/discharging the battery. In variable power mode, the grid is supplied by variable power. During high load demand, the load is supplied from solar PV and grid simultaneously. Therefore, a dynamic electricity market will develop and flourish with more and more consumer participation and consumers can earn profits through this. Mr Hussain has peer reviewed in more than 100 publications.

The research work provides 24 hours of electricity supply to every house in BRICS using solar energy. As per the records of World Bank and Washington post, still a quarter of the population of India is living without regular or reliable supply of electricity. Many of these people are staying at remote locations and it is economically and technically difficult to establish a transmission network for them. Moreover, with increasing demand of electricity, it is getting difficult to provide 24 hours continuous supply because of limited generation capacity. Establishing more thermal, diesel plants will lead in increased generation capacity, but also induces pollution and increased dependency on non-renewable sources of energy. The most feasible solution to reduce the pressure on the current grid system and to supply electricity to remote locations is ‘distributed generation’ using renewable sources of energy. The most common renewable source is solar energy because of its wide availability and affordability. However, due to the uncertainty in solar insolation levels, the system is not self- sustaining. For the system to be self- sustained, battery storage is added to the system. The excess energy is stored in battery backups and utilized during the absence of solar power generation. During high load demand, the battery is discharged to the load in addition to the power fed by the solar PV array. During light load conditions, the excess solar PV power is used to charge the battery.